English East India Company
‘John Miden Hawl’, Trader of London came India in 1599.
An English association or company to trade with the East was formed in 1599 under the auspices of a group of merchants known as the Merchant Adventurers.
The company was granted a Royal Charter and the exclusive privilege to trade in the East by Queen Elizabeth on 31 December 1600. The company was named as the East India Company.
The English ‘East India Company’ was establish in 1600.
From the beginning, it was linked with the monarchy: Queen Elizabeth (1558-1603) was one of the shareholders of the company.
The first voyage of the English East India Company was made in 1601 when its ships sailed to the Spice Islands of Indonesia.
In 1607, William Hawkins Commanded Ship “Hector” for East India Company.
Captain Hawkins was experienced Liasoner and knower of Turkish language.
Captain Hawkins arrived at the Royal Court of Jahangir to seek permission to open factory at Surat. (1608)
In 1608, when Hawkins arrived in Mughal court, he found different personality sitting on Throne who was not at all known in England.
Captain Hawkins was received by this new Emperor ‘Jahangir’ with all Indian hospitality and warmth.
Jahangir called Hawkins “English Khan”
English Khan persuade The Emperor to grant a commission for an English factory at Surat.
In 1612, Jahangir issued a ‘Farman’ permitting the setup of factory at Surat.
English defeated a Portuguese naval squadron at Swally near Surat in 1612 and then again in 1614.
In 1613, English Established factory Surat.
In Jan 1615, Sir Thomas Roe presented his credentials to Emperor Jahangir as the Ambassador of king of England.
The objective of Thomas Roe was to finish what was left unfinished by Captain Hawkins.
Thomas Roe lived Mughal Court Till 1618 and left India in 1619.
In 1668, Charles II rented out Bambai (Bombay) to East Indian Company and charges 10 pound/annum.
Hostilities between the English and Portuguese came to an end in 1630.
In 1632, The English obtained The Golden Farman with the Right to trade in Kingdom of Golkonda.
In 1633, The Eastern Branch factory of East India Company was Established in Harihar, Balashore.
In 1639, The king of Chandragiri granted The Company a lease (Chandragiri ~ Maharashtra)
Dutch Battle of Bedara
Danes Sold out
French Battle of Wandiwash