Detail of SCHOOLS OF JURISPRUDENCE

SCHOOLS OF JURISPRUDENCE


Schools of Jurisprudence

There are basically five schools of jurisprudence. We will discuss these schools along with their leading jurists.

  1. Philosophical school or Natural law
  2. Analytical School
  3. Historical School
  4. Sociological School
  5. Realist School

Philosophical school or Natural law school

The philosophical or ethical school concerns itself chiefly with the relation of law to certain ideals which law is meant to achieve. It seeks to investigate the purpose for which a particular law has been enacted. It is not concerned with its historical or intellectual content. The notable jurists of this school are Grotius (1583-1645), Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and Hegel (1770-1831). These jurists regard law neither as the arbitrary command of a ruler nor as the creation of historical necessity. To them, the law is the product of human reason and its purpose is to elevate and ennoble human personality.