Dayanand Saraswati

Dayanand Saraswati

Dayanand Saraswati was born on feb-12-1824 in Tankara, Gujrat as 'Mool Shankar'.

Swami Dayanand Saraswati was more than a religious leader of India who left a deep impact on the Indian Society. He founded the Arya Samaj that brought about changes in the religious perception of Indians. He voiced his opinion against idolatry and the pointless emphasis on empty ritualism and manmade dictates that women that women are not allowed to read the Vedas.

          His idea of denouncing the caste system inherited by oneself in lieu of their birth was nothing short of radical. He brought about a complete overhaul of the education system by introducing Anglo-Vedic schools to offers Indian students an updated curriculum teaching both the knowledge of the Vedas along with contemporary English education.

          He was given the epithet of 'Maharishi' and is considered as one of the makers of Modern India.

          On 7th April 1875 Dayanand Saraswati formed the Arya Samaj at Bombay. It was a Hindu reform movement; meaning "Society of the nobles". The purpose of the Samaj was to move the Hindu religion away from the fictitious beliefs. "Krinvan  to Vishvam Aryam". Was the motto of the Samaj, which means, "Make this world noble".

          Maharishi with Arya Samaj not only sought spiritual reorganization of the Indian Psyche, it also worked towards abolishing various Social issues. Primary among these were widow remarriage and women education.

          The Samaj launched programs to Support widow remarriage in the 1880's. Maharishi Dayanand also underlined the importance of educating the girl child and opposed child Marriage.

          Swami Dayanand Saraswati launched one more movement named as 'Shuddhi Movement' to bring back the individuals to Hinduism who were either voluntarily and involuntarily converted to other religions like Islam or Christianity. Shuddhi or Purification was imparted to those who sought their way back to Hinduism and the Samaj did an excellent job in penetrating the various strata of society, taking back the depressed classes into the folds of Hinduism.   

          Maharishi Dayanand was fully convinced that the lack of knowledge was the main culprit behind the adulteration of Hinduism. He set up a number of Gurukuls to teach his followers the knowledge of the Vedas and for them to spread knowledge of Vedas further. Inspired by his beliefs, teachings, and ideas, his disciples established the Dayanand Anglo Vedic College Trust & Management Society, After his death in 1883. The first DAV High School was established at Lahore on June 1, 1886, with Lala Hans Raj as its headmaster.

          Although Maharishi Dayanand and the Arya Samaj was never involved in the Indian Independence struggle directly, his life and his teaching had considerable influence in several important personalities like Lala Lajpat Rai, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Madam Cama, Rama Prashad Bismil, Mahadev Govind Ranade, Madan Lal Dhingra, and Subhash Chandra Bose. Shaheed Bhagat Singh was educated at the D.A.V. School in Lahore.