04 Oct Q. Comment on problems of working women in India 1 IAS/PCS-MAINS GS-I Comments Ruchi says: email@example.com 10/13/2019 10:37:59 PM 1. Introduction- In India, men do not share on most of the household chores, it is women who have to cook, clean the house, do the dishes, wash clothes, get their children ready for school etc. India is a vast country and full with a ratio of womens who faces many problems in their daily routine life especially working womens. Many of those - 1.Acceptance As Working Professionals-Most Indian men are yet to come to terms with the fact that women are also capable of working with them, shoulder to shoulder,in any field or professioal sphere.They still visualize women as individuals who should be in charge of the kitchen and other domestic affairs. As a result, Indian working women do not get the respect they require from their male colleagues in the workplace. 2.Balancing Work-Family Life-No matter how high their position or designation is in the office, women in India are still viewed as the family manager back home. They are expected to return home at a certain time, cook, clean and take care of family affairs. In fact, men who help out around their house are often the butt of jokes by their male friends. This makes life extremely stressful for women who have little help around the house and have to do it all. 3.Travelling For Work is Not Acceptable- One of the problems faced by married working women is that they cannot travel or go on tours without having to answer uncomfortable questions by most of their friends and family.A married man can go on long official tours outside his home city, without raising eyebrows and questions from his family members and peers, but his equally-successful wife would face disapproval. As a result, women often have to opt out of jobs than involve travel or settle for not being promoted as a result. 4.Safety Of Working Women- The “nosey questions factor” aside, there is still the concern for safety of working women who need to travel on official business. 5.Sexual harassment at workplace- In simple words, sexual harassment at workplace is an act or a pattern of behaviour that compromises physical, emotional or financial safety and security of a woman worker. Legally speaking, sexual harassment includes such unwelcome sexually determined behaviour as: a) physical contact and advances b) a demand or request for sexual favours c) sexually coloured remarks d) showing pornography e) any other unwelcome physical verbal or non-verbal conduct of sexual nature. In case of vishakha vs state of Rajasthan Supreme Court defined what would constitute sexual harassment at workplace and issued guidelines that were to have statutory value until a proper law was enacted by Parliament. 6.Unequal Pay-One of the raging topics of discussion in the context of problems faced by working women (not only in India, but also in many other nations) is that of equal pay. Legally, a woman is entitled to get the same salary as their male colleagues for the same kind of work done by them. However, gender discrimination is rampant as many companies still do not adhere to these guidelines and pay women less than their male colleagues. Conclusion: Thus, while discussing the issues and concerns about working women, the main emphasis should be on the ‘opportunities for women’, as it is of utmost importance.